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What is Hepatitis?


Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. The disease could progress to chronic hepatitis if left undiagnosed or untreated over a period of time. It could lead to liver Cirrhosis or Liver cancer.

Types of Hepatitis

There are 5 types of Hepatitis viruses: Hepatitis ‘A’, Hepatitis ‘B’, Hepatitis ‘C’ and Hepatitis ‘E’. Hepatitis can be prevented, diagnosed, treated and even cured

Hepatitis B and C viruses are usually spread through surgical instruments, use of needles and razor blades.

What is Hepatitis ‘A’?hepatitis

Hepatitis A is a liver infection caused by the Hepatitis A Virus (HAV). It does not lead to chronic liver disease but needs a regular diagnosis, tests from a qualified physician.

The symptoms could include severe tiredness, upset stomach, loss of appetite, diarrhea and passing dark yellow urine.

What is Hepatitis ‘B’?

Hepatitis ‘B’ is a severe form of Viral hepatitis which causes jaundice, debility and infects the blood.

Causes for Hepatitis ‘B’ 

It is caused by Hepatitis ‘B’ virus which is transmitted through blood and infected bodily fluids. Hepatitis ‘B’ can also be spread from an infected mother to her child. Hepatitis ‘B’ is not caused by sneezing or coughing. It can be transmitted through semen, vaginal fluid & blood.

Some vaccines such as Remobivax HB are used to prevent Hepatitis ‘B’ infection.

Some of the most common side effects of Recombivax are:

  • Irritability
  • Redness, soreness, and swelling
  • Tiredness
  • Sore throat
  • Mild fever
  • Dizziness, Reddening of the skin

What is Hepatitis ‘C’?

Hepatitis C is a viral liver disease which is blood borne and transmitted from one human to another. In India, nearly 12-32 percent of liver cancer and 10-20 percent of Cirrhosis cases are caused by HCV infection. (Hepatitis ‘C’)

All You Need to Know about World Earth Day 2019


49 years ago, millions of people took to the streets to protest against the harmful effects of pollution emanated due to Industrial growth & development.

Smog was one of the main factors which triggered residents and activists in U.S. This had resulted in developmental delays in children. The use of heavy pesticides and other pollutants had also made its impact on the environment.

Severe pressure from Environmentalists and citizens prompted the then U.S. President Richard Nixon to create a nodal agency responsible for the protection of environment called Environmental Protection Agency and introduce Clean Water Act and the Endangered Species Act.

However, the idea to focus on the environment came from Gaylord Nelson – U.S.Senator who persisted with this idea after witnessing the ravages of 1960 massive oil spill in Santa Barba in California. The idea was also supported by strong political rivals democrats and republicans and also labor leaders. Thus, the first Earth Day was celebrated on April 22nd, 1970.

Every year World Earth Day is celebrated with the theme: Protect Our Species. Last year in 2018, the theme was: End Plastic Pollution

Protect Our Species: Theme for 2019

The theme for this year ‘Protect Our Species’, which is created to focus on the destruction caused to plants and wildlife populations due to human interference. It is aimed at curtailing climate change, deforestation, poaching and pollution. More than 1 billion people across 192 countries are celebrating Worth Earth Day since it was first celebrated on April 22nd, 1970. Google also lent its support to 2019 Earth Day by featuring an interactive slideshow of six organisms from different elevations in its doodle.

On this day, Environment Awareness groups, NGO’s and Environmentalists undertake awareness campaigns, hold placards and banners highlighting issues, Tree plantations is done on this day and awareness on avoiding plastic usage, saving lakes are done on a large scale across the country. Further, waste recycling, energy conservation are encouraged which help us in saving our planet for the future generations.

How to beat the fear of Haemophilia



Haemophilia Day is celebrated on April 17th of every year to raise awareness on Haemophilia – a bleeding disorder. The date coincides with the birthday of Frank Schnabel, – the founder of World Federation of Haemophilia. Since 1989, World Haemophilia Day is celebrated with the entire community suffering from bleeding disorders coming together to celebrate the advancements in modern medicine to treat this blood disorder. WHD also raises awareness about this form of ailment to the public.

What is Haemophilia?

Hemophilia is a bleeding disorder which is caused by defects (mutations) in the genes that code for the blood clotting factors VIII, IX or XI.

There are two forms of Hemophilia: Hemophilia ‘A’ & Hemophilia ‘B’.

This disorder affects males more than females. Those suffering from this blood disorder has low levels of proteins called ‘clotting factors’ reducing the possibility of clotting.

Only 15% of haemophilia cases are detected in our country while the remaining go undiagnosed. Approximately, only 20,000 patients’ haemophilia patients are registered in the country, while reports suggest there 7 times more patients suffering from this rare blood disorder.

Symptoms of Haemophilia

  • Severe headaches
  • Frequent vomiting
  • Neck pain
  • Blurred vision
  • Feeling sleepy
  • Continuous bleeding from an injury or surgery

Certain Important conditions for those suffering from Haemophilia

  • Those suffering from Haemophilia should avoid any physical activity that might cause an injury resulting in bleeding.
  • Avoid any medication that involves blood thinning
  • Haemophiliacs need to avoid over-the-counter medicines such as aspirin and Ibuprofen.

Diagnosis of Haemophilia

For those who have a family history of Haemophilia, there is a test to determine during pregnancy if the foetus is affected by haemophilia. At the age of 2 years a blood test shows a clotting factor deficiency. Some of the blood tests recommended are:

Complete Blood Count,
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT),
Prothrombin Time (PT) test,
Clotting factor tests are done to diagnose Haemophilia.

Complications of this ailment include joint pain, arthritis, heart disease, kidney disease and hemorrhaging



Advancements in Telecom sector and proliferation of Mobile phones in India are on the high, with more than 1,186 million wireless telephone subscriptions in India.

Unfortunately, there has been very less awareness on the adverse effects of cell phone radiation. Although, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has carried out many studies which has confirmed adverse effects of mobile phone radiation, some of them argue that there is no conclusive evidence for any harm.

If you feel the mobile tower near your residence is causing you problems, then you can always check the magnitude of radiation on a government portal – Tarangsanchar.gov.in. Incidentally, the radiation norms in India are 10 times more stringent than the international standards, recommended by WHO. The amount of radiofrequency energy of a mobile phone user is exposed which is dependent on many factors such as the technology of the phone, distance maintained between the phone and the user.

Could be lethal for Kids!

A research has shown that the bone marrow of a child’s head absorbs almost ten times more radiation than adult’s. This could be a serious health hazard

Problem with going ‘Mobile’

We all know that mobiles communicate with their base stations using radio frequency (RF) radiation. If radiation is high, it has a ‘thermal’ effect, which abruptly increases the body temperature resulting in mild headaches to brain tumors.

The WHO on its part said that Cell phone radiation could amount to “possible human carcinogen” increasing the chance of brain cancer on continuous usage.

What happens if you are exposed to continuous Mobile Radiation?

  1. Changes in brain activity
  2. Changes in sleep patterns
  3. Possibility of causing interference with pacemakers
  4. Greater chances of developing brain cancer

It is also recommended that:

  1. Mobile phones not be used continuously for more than one hour/per day
  2. Hands free to be used if mobile has to be used continuously
  3. Avoiding long talks and discussions on mobile phones as far as possible

A precautionary approach to the use of this communication technology should be adopted until more scientific evidence on its effects on health is made available.

Name Missing from Voter’s List ?

Don’t worry follow these steps to cast your franchise!

The election fever has started and now with less than a week for elections, all eligible voters are into a heated debate on why to or why not to vote for a political party.

As all of us know, our name has to be there in the voter’s list to enable us to cast our franchise. What if in case it’s missing? You would not be able to cast your vote if your name is missing from the voter’s list. Your name should mandatory feature in the voter’s list for you to vote.

Now, how do you know that your name is there in the voter’s list?

1] Check your name in the NVSP portal (National Voter’s Service Portal)

2] After you login to the NVSP portal search your name in electoral roll on the left side of the page. When your find your name, you will be routed to another page.

3] Enter requisite details such as Name, Age, Date of birth, Name, Gender, State, District and Assembly constituency.

4] Enter the CAPTCHA code

Your name and other details will appear in the NVSP website, you can go ahead and cast your franchise.

You can also alternatively:

1] Visit the official website of ECI – Election Commission of India — eci.nic.in

2] Scroll down and look for ‘Search your name in Voter list’

3] Input requisite details that include Date of Birth, Father/Husband’s name, Gender, State, District and constituency details. You can click search after entering all these details

You can also check your name through SMS or through a call.

SMS: Go to your inbox and create a new message. Type EPIC (space) Your Voter ID number and send it to 7738299899

Your name not there despite all this exercise?

There could be several reasons on your name being deleted from the voter’s list. Change of constituency, address can also lead to removal of your name.

After you know that your name is missing from the Voter’s list, follow these steps to register again:

1] Log in to eci.nic.in which is the official website of the Election Commission of India

2] Click on ‘Register to Vote’

3] Search for ‘Apply Online due to change of address’ later click on ‘Form 16’ just below the form

4] Fill in all the details and click on submit

You can also submit ‘Form- 16’ to the Electoral Registration Officer. Election Commission of India also conducts regular ‘Voter Enrolment Initiative’ at your respective constituencies.

Importance of Kidney – World Kidney Day



Kidneys are responsible for filtering of waste products through Urine and keeping bones healthy. Ageing process, result of various diseases including Blood Pressure & Diabetes result in Kidney diseases.

The term ‘Chronic Kidney Disease’ (CKD in short) is misunderstood among people. People interpret the word ‘Chronic’ to be severe, whereas, in medical science parlance it means the disease is long term rather than rapid onset of progression or acute disease. More often than not, this unnecessary anxiety leads the patients thinking that their kidney performance is worse than it actually is.

Some experts say that impaired kidney performance is not a disease at all, but an indicator of an increased risk of developing other health problems, such as, high cholesterol and increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

World Kidney Day – 2019

World Kidney Day is a global awareness campaign aimed at raising awareness of the importance of our Kidneys. It is observed annually on the 2nd Thursday in March.

World Kidney Day (WKD) is a joint initiative of the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) and the International Federation of Kidney Foundations (IFKF).

Objectives of observing World Kidney Day

  • Raise awareness of our Kidneys
  • Systematic screening of patients having Diabetes or Hypertension
  • Early detection & prevention methods of Kidney problems to reduce future complications.
  • Encourage transplantation as a best outcome option for kidney failure, and the act of organ donation as a lifesaving initiative.

How to keep your Kidneys Healthy?

  • Keep fit and active
  • Ensure your blood sugar level is under control
  • Monitor your BP regularly
  • Eat healthy & keep your weight in check
  • Maintain a healthy fluid intake
  • Refrain from Smoking
  • Refrain from taking over-the-counter pills

Significance of MAHA SHIVARATRI


Maha Shivaratri:

 Maha Shivarathri literally means the great night belonging to Lord Shiva, his most favorite day. There are several interpretations for the origin of Maha Shivarathri.

  • It is assumed as the day Lord Shiva emerged out in the divine world in Linga roopa (Jyothirlinga).
  • It is considered as the day Lord Shiva got married with his consort Goddess Parvathi Devi. That’s why we find a custom of performing Kalyanotsavam of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi on the day of Maha Shivarathri.
  • It is associated with the day Lord Shiva (Rudra) drank Halahala (poison) with Vaayu Devara anugraha during the episode of Ksheerasaagara Mathanam.
  • It is assumed as the day Lord Shiva performed his cosmic dance called Pralaya Thandava.

Whatever may be the anecdote for the origin of Maha Shivarathri, it is the most favorite day of Lord Shiva.


As per Hindu Lunar Calendar, every 14th lunar day (Chaturdasi) of the dark fortnight (Krishna Paksha) is known as Maasa Shivarathri.

Sometimes it may fall on the 13th day (Trayodasi) itself.

It is decided based on the presence of Chaturdasi thithi extending beyond midnight on that particular day.

At the same time, every 13th or 14th day of the dark fortnight is not considered as Maha Shivarathri.

It is only the 13th /14th day of dark fortnight (Krishna Paksha) occurring in the lunar month of Maagha Maasam associated with Chaturdasi prevailing beyond midnight is reckoned as Maha Shivarathri.

If Chaturdasi is prevailing during Pradosha time as well as at midnight it is considered as more meritorious for Maha Shivaratri.

Maha Shivarathri dedicated to Lord Shiva is celebrated with great religious significance and fervor across the country by all Hindus irrespective of the caste and creed.

Lord Shiva is the most revered Hindu God and one of the three main deities of Hinduism. He has attained perfection in Yoga, Meditation and Spirituality.

As per Vedic scriptures, it is on the day of Maha Shivaratri that Lord Shiva revealed his form in Linga. This is one of the reasons why devotees perform Rudraabhishekam during midnight of Mahashivaraatri. It is also on this night that Lord Shiva performed the Tandava, the dance of primordial creation, preservation, and destruction.

The Most Fascinating of Gods

Lord Shiva is also often portrayed as the supreme ascetic with a passive and composed disposition. Sometimes he is depicted riding a bull called Nandi decked in garlands. Although a very complicated deity, Shiva is one of the most fascinating of Hindu gods.

ಮೊಡವೆಗೆ ಮದ್ದು ದಾಳಿಂಬೆ

ಮೊಡವೆ ಹೆಣ್ಣಿಗೆ ಒಡವೆ ಎನ್ನುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಆದರೆ ಮೊಡವೆ ಇರೋ ಹುಡುಗಿಯರ ವೇದನೆ ಅವರಿಗೆ ಮಾತ್ರ ಗೊತ್ತು. ಈಗೀಗ ಮೊಡವೆ ಯುವತಿಯರಲ್ಲಿ ಮಾತ್ರವಲ್ಲದೇ ಯುವಕರಲ್ಲೂ ಕಾಣಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತಿದೆ.


ಇದಕ್ಕೆ ಮುಖ್ಯ ಕಾರಣ ಆಹಾರ ಮತ್ತು ಜೀವನಶೈಲಿ. ಹೆಣ್ಣು ಮಕ್ಕಳಲ್ಲಿ ಕಂಡು ಬರುವ ಹಾರ್ಮೋನ್ ವ್ಯತ್ಯಾಸವೂ ಕೂಡಾ ಮೊಡವೆಗೆ ಕಾರಣವಾಗಬಹುದು. ಕೀವು, ನೋವು ತುಂಬಿಕೊಂಡು ಮನಸ್ಸಿಗೆ ಕಿರಿಕಿರಿಯುಂಟು ಮಾಡುವ ಮೊಡವೆಯನ್ನು ನಿವಾರಿಸಲು ಮನೆಮದ್ದನ್ನು ಮಾಡಬಹುದು
ಇಲ್ಲಿದೆ ಸಿಂಪಲ್ ಮನೆಮದ್ದು
• ಜಾಯಿಕಾಯಿ, ಕಾಳುಮೆಣಸು, ಶ್ರೀಗಂಧವನ್ನು ಅರೆದು ಮೊಡವೆಗೆ ಹಚ್ಚಬಹುದು
• ಮಂಜಿಷ್ಟ, ರಕ್ತಚಂದನ, ಶ್ರೀಗಂಧ, ಅರಳೀಮರದ ಕುಡಿಯನ್ನು ಹಾಲಿನೊಂದಿಗೆ ಅರೆದು ಮೊಡವೆಗೆ ಹಚ್ಚಬಹುದು

• ದಾಳಿಂಬೆ ಹಣ್ಣಿನ ಬೀಜವನ್ನು ರುಬ್ಬಿ ಮುಖಕ್ಕೆ ಹಚ್ಚುವುದರಿಂದ ಮೊಡವೆಗುಳ್ಳೆ ವಾಸಿಯಾಗುತ್ತದೆ
• ಧನಿಯಾ, ಹೆಸರುಕಾಳನ್ನು ಪುಡಿ ಮಾಡಿ ದಿನಕ್ಕೆ ಮೂರ್ನಾಲ್ಕು ಬಾರಿ ಮುಖ ತೊಳೆಯುವುದರಿಂದ ಮುಖದಲ್ಲಿ ಎಣ್ಣೆ ಅಂಶ ಕಡಿಮೆಯಾಗಿ ಮೊಡವೆ ಕಡಿಮೆಯಾಗುತ್ತದೆ.
• ಮುಖದ ಸ್ವಚ್ಛತೆಯನ್ನು ಕಾಪಡಿಕೊಳ್ಳುವುದು ಮುಖ್ಯ
• ಮೊಡವೆಯನ್ನು ಆಗಾಗ ಮುಟ್ಟಿಕೊಳ್ಳುವುದು, ಚಿವುಟುವುದು ಮಾಡಬಾರದು




The National Deworming Day (Rashtreeya Krimi Mukta Diwasa) is an initiative of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India to ensure every child in the country is worm free.

It is estimated that more than 835 million children are at risk of parasitic worm infections across the world.

WHO estimates what more than 241 million children between the ages of 1 and 14 years are at risk of parasitic intestinal worms in India, also known as Soil Transmitted Helminths (STH).

What is STH?

Helminths or worms are transmitted through soil contaminated with faecal matter called Soil Transmitted Helminths (Intestinal Parasitic Worms).

Dangers of STH worms to human body

  • Adult worms live in human intestines and reproduces by thousands of eggs each day
  • The Eggs are passed in the faeces of infected person
  • The Eggs contaminate the soil and spread infection in many ways: Vegetables – not properly cleaned, washed and peeled.
  • Ingested from contaminated water sources
  • Ingested by children who play in soil and put their hands in their mouths without washing their hands.

Effects of STH Infections

  • Malnutrition
  • Impaired Mental and Physical Development
  • Reduced attendance at school
  • Anemia

To curb the worm infection in India, the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare launched the National Deworming Day in February 2015

What do they do on this day?

Albendazole (A prescription drug used to treat certain tapeworm infections (such as neurocysticercosis and hydatid disease) is administered to children. Half a tablet will be administered for children in the age group of 1-2 years and 1 Tablet each to those in the 2-19 age group.

Apart from that children are sensitized and made aware of:

  • Hygienic practices
  • Cleanliness
  • Use of Toilets
  • Use of footwear
  • Washing hands before eating food
  • Cleaning hands after using Toilet

The National Deworming Day is being observed to deworm all school going children between the ages of 1-19 years.

Proper Awareness and taking Deworming tablets will not only improve health but also cognitive development among kids.

National Deworming Day in Karnataka

About 94% children in Karnataka were administered deworming medicine last year in Karnataka as per data available from Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakrama (RBSK).

As part of our societal responsibility, we should also involve children in our neighborhood to take part in Deworming for better health and cognitive development.



What causes Cervical Cancer?

Cervical Cancer is caused by Human Papillomavirus bacterium. This ailment is found in Indian women and is the second most common cancer found in women worldwide.

Earlier in 2018, Times of India reported that India alone accounts for one-fourth of the global burden of cervical cancers.

The occurrence of Cervix Cancer in India!

The Cervix is the lower part of the womb also known as Uterine Cervix. The cervix connects the body of the uterus to the Vagina (birth canal). It is about 2-3 cms in length. Cervical Cancer occurs 1 in 53 Indian women during their lifetime compared to 1 in 100 women in developed regions of the world.

Early Diagnosis

Cervical Cancer should be an important part of a woman’s health check-up after the age of 40. There are two types of tests: Pap test and HPV test. The lab test checks the sample for cancer cells or abnormal cells that could be ‘cancer’ later. With the HPV test, the lab checks for HPC infection.

Screening and Prevalence

In order to curb this disease, Primary cervical screening using HPV-DNA testing was recommended by WHO in 2013. This screening is currently being introduced in high-income countries worldwide, and pilot projects are going on in India.

According to a research study, more than 85 percent of patients of cervical cancer were from the age group 40 years and above. The instance of Cervical Cancer in the rest of the world has come down due to advancement in conventional cytology screening programs, have shown a steady decline in the incidence of cervical cancer.

It is important to note here that over the past three decades, cervical cancer and mortality rates have fallen in countries where social and economic status have improved. The reasons are mainly due to the implementation of secondary prevention measures such as like screening, early diagnosis, and treatment of pre-cancer and early cancer.