49 years ago, millions of people took to the streets to protest against the harmful effects of pollution emanated due to Industrial growth & development.
Smog was one of the main factors which triggered residents and activists in U.S. This had resulted in developmental delays in children. The use of heavy pesticides and other pollutants had also made its impact on the environment.
Severe pressure from Environmentalists and citizens prompted the then U.S. President Richard Nixon to create a nodal agency responsible for the protection of environment called Environmental Protection Agency and introduce Clean Water Act and the Endangered Species Act.
However, the idea to focus on the environment came from Gaylord Nelson – U.S.Senator who persisted with this idea after witnessing the ravages of 1960 massive oil spill in Santa Barba in California. The idea was also supported by strong political rivals democrats and republicans and also labor leaders. Thus, the first Earth Day was celebrated on April 22nd, 1970.
Every year World Earth Day is celebrated with the theme: Protect Our Species. Last year in 2018, the theme was: End Plastic Pollution
Protect Our Species: Theme for 2019
The theme for this year ‘Protect Our Species’, which is created to focus on the destruction caused to plants and wildlife populations due to human interference. It is aimed at curtailing climate change, deforestation, poaching and pollution. More than 1 billion people across 192 countries are celebrating Worth Earth Day since it was first celebrated on April 22nd, 1970. Google also lent its support to 2019 Earth Day by featuring an interactive slideshow of six organisms from different elevations in its doodle.
On this day, Environment Awareness groups, NGO’s and Environmentalists undertake awareness campaigns, hold placards and banners highlighting issues, Tree plantations is done on this day and awareness on avoiding plastic usage, saving lakes are done on a large scale across the country. Further, waste recycling, energy conservation are encouraged which help us in saving our planet for the future generations.